Maintaining a healthy status for cattle is the only way to make the business profitable so that loss of animal, weight loss, damaged skin and poor milk quality is totally prevented.
Sick animals must be properly diagnosed by a veterinarian and treated. Animals can be treated with Antimicrobial, Anti-inflamatory and Acaricides depending on the diagnosis carried out.
Antimicrobials are classified into antiprotozoa (Berenil), antiviral and antibiotic (i.e (penicllin, tetracycline, gentamycin etc), it should not be used concurrently because they have effect on animals immune response to vaccine.
Animals should be thoroughly inspected and diagonised when they arrive at feedlots. The following are examples of common diseases that are prevalent and treatments-
- Intestinal Parasites can be treated with Ivermectin;
- Ticks and flies can be treated with an appropriate acaracide;
- Blood borne parasites i.e Trypanosomiasis can be treated with Berenil
- Liver fluke can be treated with Rafoxanide Common diseases that requires vaccination in Nigeria are-
- Clostridial disease
- Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP)
- Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)
- Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR)
- Bovine Viral Diarrhoea (BVD) Vaccination program are developed in feedlot based on prevailing disease in the area and this is done by a qualified and experienced veterinarian. Vaccine must be properly stored according to the manufacturer’s recommendation as most of the vaccines are live and needs to be stored, transported and vaccinated into an animal with a temperature range of 4 – 11 degrees Celcius. Vaccines cold chain should be maintained. Vaccines that not properly stored should not be administered because it will not work and may exposed the animals to disease out, so it must be discarded.