Cage Fatigue in Poultry

Cage fatigue in poultry can be described as a leg weakness in high producing hens housed in cages. Caged layer fatigue (CLF) seems to be an extreme consequence of loss of structural bone in the vertebrae that leads to spinal bone collapse and paralysis (Urist and Deutsch, 1960 Bell and Siller, 1962) which is and characterized by …

Heat stress management in dairy

Heat stress is a condition where there is a marginal increase in temperature thereby leading to an increase in air temperature, reduction of air movement and relative humidity. Whenever the ambient temperatures increase, a cow’s body temperature also increase which also leads to an increase in respiratory rate, salivation and water consumption, indicating noticeable discomfort. A …